Moses’ announcement of the final plague is recorded in Exodus 11. Verse 1 is the key to
understanding its purpose: “The Lord said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon
Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence; when he shall let you go, he shall
surely thrust you out hence altogether.”
Not only would Pharaoh be willing to let the Israelites go, he would actually push them out of his
country. This reveals the folly of fighting against God, because He finally brings a person to his
knees. The creature is impotent before his omnipotent Creator.
As the Israelites prepared to leave Egypt, God instructed, “Let every man borrow of his
neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver and jewels of gold” (Ex. 11:2).
The word “borrow” does not accurately convey the meaning of the Hebrew word from which it is
The Hebrew word is shaal, which basically means “to ask.” The Israelites were to ask the
Egyptians for the back wages owed them. God had waited and waited on Pharaoh, and Moses had
been patient as he warned Pharaoh of coming judgment. But both God and Moses were to be
Moses, however, only announced this final judgment, which was entirely from God. The
Passover lamb speaks of salvation, and salvation is only of God, although men are used to
announce the message.
For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or
whether it be evil (Eccles. 12:14).